New York State Info

New York State Symbols

State Bird: Bluebird, State Flower: Rose, State Tree: Sugar Maple
State Beverage: Milk, State Fruit: Apple, State Muffin: Apple Muffin
State Insect: Ladybug, State Animal: Beaver, State Fish: Brook Trout
State Gem: Garnet, State Shell: Bay Scallop, State Fossil: Eurypterus remipes

State Flag:

New York State Geography:

Geographic Center: Madison, which is 26 miles SW of Utica.
Land Area: 48,708 square miles
Water Area: 7,251 square miles
New York is the 30th largest state in the country
New York City is the largest city in New York State
Major Rivers: Hudson River, Mohawk River, Genesee River
Major Lakes: Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, Lake Champlain, Lake George
Highest Point: Mount Marcy, which rises 5,344 feet above sea level.
Lowest Point: where New York meets the Atlantic Ocean (sea level)
Highest Mountains: Adirondack Mountains, which are located in the northern part of the state between Lake Champlain and Lake Ontario.
Borders of New York State: South-Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Atlantic Ocean. East-Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut. West- Lake Erie, Lake Ontario, Canada, and Pennsylvania. North-Canada, Lake Erie, and Lake Ontario

Eastern New York is dominated by the Great Appalachian Valley. Lake Champlain is the chief northern feature of the valley, which also includes the Hudson River. West of the lakes are the Adirondack Mts.; you will also find Lake Placid and Saranac Lake in that area. Mt. Marcy, the highest point in the state, is near Lake Placid. The rest of NE New York is hilly, sloping gradually to the valleys of the St. Lawrence and Lake Ontario, both of which separate it from Ontario. The Mohawk River, which flows from Rome into the Hudson north of Albany, is part of the New York State Barge Canal, a major route to the Great Lakes and the midwestern United States as well as the only complete natural route through the Appalachian Mts.
Most of the southern part of the state is on the Allegheny plateau, which rises in the SE to the Catskill Mts. On the extreme SE, the state extends into the Atlantic Ocean to form Long Island, which is separated from Connecticut on the N by Long Island Sound.
The western extension of the state to Lakes Ontario and Erie contains many bodies of water, including Oneida Lake and the Finger Lakes. In the northwest the Niagara River, with Niagara Falls, forms the border with Ontario between Lake Ontario and Lake Erie. The western section is drained by the Allegheny River and rivers of the Susquehanna and Delaware systems. Albany is the capital; New York City is the largest city, followed by Buffalo, Rochester, Yonkers, and Syracuse.

For info about state parks, see

Current Mortgage Rate: 3.73% as of March 17, 2013. Review current mortgage rates

The beginning of New York

The Dutch settled in the are which is now New York in 1624, and for forty years ruled the area, which they called the colony of New Netherland. In 1626, the Dutch purchased Manhattan from the Lenape Indians, and named the island New Amsterdam. In 1664 the area was conquered by the English, who renamed it New York, honoring the Duke of York. New York declared its independence from England on July 9, 1776. Before that, it had been a colony of England. New York was one of the original 13 states of the Federal Union. New York’s first constitution was adopted in April of 1777. Two months later, in June 1777 (during the Revolutionary War), the first governor was elected. His name was George Clinton, and he was inaugurated on July 30, 1777. Albany became the capital in 1797. New York City became the first capital of the new nation, and George Washington was inaugurated as the first president in April of 1789.

Presidents born in New York

Martin Van Buren, the 8th President, was born on Dec. 5, 1782 in Kinderhook, NY.
Millard Fillmore, the 13th President, was born on Jan. 7, 1800 in what is now Summerhill, NY.
Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President, was born on Oct. 27, 1858 in New York City.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the 32nd President, was born on Jan. 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, NY.

How did New York get its name?

New York was named by the British to honor the Duke of York and Albany, the brother of England’s King Charles II, when New Amsterdam was taken from the Dutch in 1664.

Why is New York called the Empire State?

New York is called “The Empire State” because of its wealth and variety of resources and it’s industrial growth. The expression is said to have originated in 1784 by George Washington.

Miscellaneous Facts about New York

New York became a state on July 26, 1788,it was the 11th state of the United States .
As of Dec. 2000, the population of New York State was 18,976,457.
Albany became the capital of New York State in January 1797.
New York has 2 US Senators and 29 representatives in Congress.
New York has over 70,000 miles of rivers and streams.
New York is the first state to require license plates on automobiles.
In 1857, Mr. Joseph Gayetty of New York City invented toilet paper.
New York City has 722 miles of subway track.
The world’s smallest church, measuring 3.5 feet by 6 feet, is located in Oneida.
The first American chess tournament was in New York in 1843.
Alexander Hamilton started the “New York Post” in 1803. It is the oldest running newspaper in the USA.
The Genesee River is one of the rare cases of a river running south to north.
Gennaro Lombardi opened the first pizzeria in the US in New York City in 1895.
The most important farming activity in New York is dairying. There are over 18,000 cattle and/or calf farms.
The first railroad in the US ran between Albany and Schenectady.
Governor Thomas E. Dewey Thruway in New York is the country’s longest toll road, at 641 miles.
The first daily Yiddish newspaper was started in New York City in 1885.
New York City included all five boroughs (Manhattan, Brooklyn, the Bronx, Staten Island, and Queens) as of 1898.
The first subway line started in 1904 in New York City.
Adirondack Park is bigger than Yosemite, Yellowstone, Glacier, Grand Canyon, and Olympic Parks put together!